Astrophysics was part of IESL from 1984 until 2019. The Astrophysics and Astronomy group studied a broad range of astrophysical phenomena utilizing observational data from ground-based and space facilities as well as theoretical methods for the interpretation of these observations and operated the Skinakas Observatory.  In 2018, an independent Institute of Astrophysics (IA) was established within FORTH, which commenced its operation in 2019. More information on the IA is available in