Laser techniques such as Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS), Laser Induced Fluorescence (LIF) and micro- Raman spectroscopy provide insight about the identity and composition of materials in cultural heritage objects. Research at IESL-FORTH focuses on:
- The development of laser analytical methodologies.
- The design and construction of novel portable instrumentation.
The goal is to produce flexible, user-friendly tools that will enable archaeologists, art historians and conservators to obtain vital information about objects of cultural heritage, through chemical analysis of materials.
Identification of pigments in paintings, icons and illuminated manuscripts and analysis of archaeological metal, glass and pottery objects are just a few examples. Novel instrumentation produced at IESL-FORTH includes LM I, a transportable LIBS analytical instrument, currently used for analysis of archaeological objects at the Conservation Laboratory of INSTAP-SCEC in Eastern Crete. A new fully-portable version, LM II, was recently introduced enabling analysis of objects at their location, while a hybrid LIBS-Raman unit is under development.